By Francis Leroy
Celebrating a century of innovative contributions to our realizing of lifestyles, the area, and the universe, this encyclopedic table reference strains the discoveries that earned approximately 500 wonderful scientists Nobel honors within the parts of chemistry, physics, and medication. the college of Library magazine known as it "...eye-catching... unique art, colourful captioned drawings of versions and constructions, and diagrams illustrate advanced medical rules and will invite looking. ...great portraits and beautiful format..." This publication comprises over 550 complete colour illustrations and pictures, and is a needs to for the library of any public, collage, enterprise, or own library.
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Additional resources for A century of Nobel prize recipients. Chemistry, physics, and medicine
His research also led to significant discoveries concerning electron emission from the surface of heated metals. These discoveries were to have well-known applications in the production of electronic tubes, the epitome of this development being the television screen. establishment and taught chemistry at Columbia in 1934. Since the discovery of isotopes by Frederick Soddy, Urey hoped to demonstrate the existence of a heavy isotope of hydrogen. He attempted the feat by distilling four litres of liquid hydrogen, from which he isolated a residue that did turn out to be a heavy form of hydrogen: deuterium, a hydrogen isotope with two times the atomic mass of ordinary hydrogen.
Swiss chemist. Nobel Prize for Chemistry with Norman Haworth for investigating the constitution of carotenoids, flavins, and vitamins A and B2. Son of a dentist. D. in 1911. His main interests then focused on cobalt complexes and arsenical compounds. In 1912, the German bacteriologist Paul Ehrlich invited him to hold a post at the "Georg Speyer Haus", a research institute based in Frankfort. After Ehrlich's death in 1915, Karrer focused on the chemistry of plant products. In 1918 he went to Zurich, where he succeeded Werner (deceased in 1919).
4 °C. Because deuterium, unlike hydrogen, absorbs few neutrons, heavy water constitutes an excellent, if costly, moderator for nuclear reactors. Its production was the object of intense rivalry during World War Two: within ten years of its discovery it had acquired capital strategic importance in Harold Urey the development of plutonium-producing nuclear reactors. Later, the laboratory headed by Urey discovered isotopes of nitrogen, oxygen, and sulfur. Credit is also due to this tenacious scientist for the observation that different isotopes of an element, although chemically identical, can react chemically at slightly different rates.