By Geoffrey Leech
This alphabetical advisor truly defines usual grammatical phrases and exhibits how they're used, encompassing variations as present in Huddleston and Pullum's Cambridge Grammar of the English Language.
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Extra info for A Glossary of English Grammar
We’ve finished. John’s left. It’ll be all right. contrast, clause of see concessive clause conversion The derivational process of converting a word from one word class to another. For example, text is primarily a noun, but it can nowadays be used as a verb text, texting and so on, in the context of text messaging. coordinate clause see compound sentence; coordination coordinating conjunction, coordinator One of the words and, or, but and (sometimes) nor. See conjunction; coordination. coordination The joining of two or more constituents of equivalent status, normally by the use of a coordinating conjunction (and, or, but or nor), so as to form a larger grammatical unit having the function that each of its parts would have on their own.
Her dad’s an old friend of mine. A/an is also used (for example, after be) A GLOSSARY OF ENGLISH GRAMMAR 53 to describe or classify people or objects: My mother’s a teacher. An arquebus is an old-fashioned firearm. Historically, a/an is a reduced form of the word one, and it is often used instead of one in expressions like a hundred, an hour and a half, and the like. ) indefinite pronoun, indefinite determiner A pronoun or determiner with indefinite meaning; a quantifier. The indefinite pronouns and determiners in English are: pronouns: anybody anyone anything none determiners: a/an everybody everyone everything every nobody no one nothing somebody someone something no both pronouns and determiners: any either fewest all enough half both (a) few (a) little each fewer less least many more most much neither one several some independent and dependent clauses An independent clause is one which is not part of (that is, is not subordinate to) another clause.
Compare emphasis. intensifier An alternative term for a degree adverb, especially one which intensifies or strengthens the meaning of the word it modifies (for example, very, extremely, really). interjection A word which has a purely exclamatory function, such as oh, ah, aha, ugh, ooh, alas, hey. Interjections do not refer to anything, but simply express the speaker’s emotion or wish. In grammatical terms, they occur in isolation as an exclamation, or are loosely added on to a sentence as in Oh, it was wonderful!