By Paul E. Ceruzzi
This attractive background covers sleek computing from the advance of the 1st digital electronic laptop throughout the dot-com crash. the writer concentrates on 5 key moments of transition: the transformation of the pc within the past due Forties from a really expert clinical software to a advertisement product; the emergence of small platforms within the past due Sixties; the start of private computing within the Nineteen Seventies; the unfold of networking after 1985; and, in a bankruptcy written for this variation, the interval 1995-2001. the recent fabric makes a speciality of the Microsoft antitrust swimsuit, the increase and fall of the dot-coms, and the arrival of open resource software program, quite Linux. in the chronological narrative, the publication lines numerous overlapping threads: the evolution of the computer's inner layout; the impression of financial developments and the chilly warfare; the long term position of IBM as a participant and as a aim for upstart marketers; the expansion of software program from a hidden aspect to a tremendous personality within the tale of computing; and the ordinary factor of where of knowledge and computing in a democratic society. the focal point is at the usa (though Europe and Japan input the tale at the most important points), on computing according to se instead of on functions reminiscent of synthetic intelligence, and on structures that have been offered commercially and put in in amounts.
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Extra info for A History of Modern Computing (2nd Edition)
Attaching punched card equipment meant that a significant portion of the profits would go directly to IBM, and not to the struggling new computer company. As mentioned, National Cash Register bought CRC. Electronic Computer Corporation, founded by Samuel Lubkin of the original UNIVAC team, merged with Underwood Corporation, known for its typewriters. ) Consolidated Engineering of Pasadena, California, was absorbed by Burroughs in 1956. The principal legacy of the drum computers may have been their role as the vehicle by which many of the business machine companies entered the computer business.
Eckert and Mauchly could have found work at other universities, or at IBM, but they chose instead the risky course of founding their own company. They formed a partnership, the Electronic Control Company, in 1946; in December 1948 they incorporated as the Eckert–Mauchly Computer Corporation. Added to the engineering problems of designing and building a universal computer and its associated tape drives, memory units, and input-output equipment, was the bigger problem of raising capital. S. Census Bureau.
Most of these were highly classified and related to the business of breaking codes. Task 13, assigned in August 1947, was for a general-purpose electronic computer. ERA completed the machine, code-named ‘‘Atlas,’’ and asked the Navy to clear them for an unclassified version they could sell on the open market. 83 As might be expected from a company like ERA, the 1101 was intended for scientific or engineering customers, and its design reflected that. Before it could begin delivering systems, however, ERA found itself needing much more capital than its founders could provide, and like the Eckert–Mauchly Computer Corporation, was purchased by Remington Rand.